January report to the Commander Land Forces Command; the Chief of the Defence Staff; and the Minister of National Defence.

The report recommended retaining the Canadian Airborne Regiment in the order of battle. That recommendation was ignored by the Defence Minister and the Canadian Airborne Regiment is being disbanded under order of the Minister.

At the time Vernon's report was prepared, a third, allegedly-embarrassing, amateur video showing members of the Canadian Airborne Regiment undergoing a so-called hazing ritual (initiation), was available to him.

Vernon has stated that he did not view the video tape in its entirety and that what he saw of the tape caused him no particular concerns. He is alleged to have made no mention of this third video in his report of last month.

The subject video tape which was recorded last summer and subsequently obtained by military police, reportedly shows members of the now defunct Canadian Airborne Regiment having their heads shaved; being subjected to electric shocks; and other violations of the National Defence Act, all in the presence of unit officers.

According to statements made earlier this year the Chief of the Defence Staff had issued orders forbidding hazing activities anywhere within the Canadian Forces. The ban was reportedly in effect before the time of the most recently controversial video tape thus making the activities depicted in the video illegal.

The Minister of National Defence, David Collenette said that the contents of the video only became known to him after he was asked about it during question period in the House of Commons on February 8.


HMCS Fredericton (FFH 337) departed Halifax, Nova Scotia last Thursday (January 9) bound for the Middle East. The new frigate, commanded by Commander Dan Gallina, will represent Canada at the International Defence Exhibition (IDEX `95) at Abu Dhabi and provide an opportunity to showcase a wide

Canada's Aerospace & Defence Weekly

Volume 9, Number 6 February 15, 1995

Canada's Wackiest Videos

Has Ottawa gone nuts? A general has been relieved of command via press release. A regiment fell before our eyes, live on the CBC. All this on account of `Canada's wackiest videos'. The CDS with a strenuous look on his face, told the TV camera — and thus you and me — that General Vernon didn't watch all of the video, some of which he says was more than innocuous. The Minister of National Defence looks angry and forsaken. Why? Because he didn't see the video. And what's the video about? Kids. Our kids in the army said the word "nigger". Some had graduated from just poking their fingers in wall sockets. Some kid sailors dumped their porridge over someone's head as they crossed the equator in our old steam ship Yukon. (That does it kids, you can't have the keys to the boat for a whole week. And you will eat your porridge for breakfast, not pour it on your heads.) This sort of mischief you expect from the younger kids, the little high-chair brats in their terrible twos and horrible threes, but some kids never grow up. Admit it instead of pretending it's serious. Deal with it instead of adding to the childishness.

Army General Fired

On Monday, the Chief of the Defence Staff, General John de Chastelain relieved Major-General Brian Vernon of his command. Vernon, who was formerly the Commander of Land Forces Central Area (Ontario) had been responsible for the controversial

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range of Canadian technology to potential markets in the area. At the same time Fredericton's presence will demonstrate Canada's continuing interest in the region.

The new patrol frigate will also visit Kuwait City, Muscat, Oman, Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, and Haifa, Israel. In announcing Fredericton's departure, Rear Admiral Gary Garnett, Commander Maritime Forces Atlantic, noted that, "This deployment illustrates the commitment of the Department of National Defence, specifically the navy, for the Government of Canada's international trade and foreign policy initiatives." Canada has been vigorously pursuing shipbuilding contracts in the Persian Gulf region.


Starting in April, CANBAT 1, the Canadian infantry battalion serving in Croatia will rely more than ever on the United Nations hospital operated by Czech forces at Knin, Croatia. At the present time, 1 RCR, which has the CANBAT 1 role, is accompanied by a small surgical team in addition to the unit medical officer and his staff.

The team, which was initially deployed in January 1994, was originally a scaled down version of an Advanced Surgical Centre and included the surgical team, X-Ray equipment and facilities to operate a small intensive care ward at the battalion base. It was established at a time when no other U.N. medical facilities were within easy reach. The Czech facility is about an hour's drive from the battalion location at Rastivec. Given the scarcity of medical resources in the Canadian Forces, it is considered that travel conditions will be good enough, during the summer months at least, for it to support the next Canadian unit. When 2nd Battalion the Royal 22nd Regiment replaces 1 RCR in April it will do so without a surgical team.


As if the existence of amateur videos showing initiation rites in the Canadian Airborne Regiment was not enough, the media sensation recently expanded when the Baton Broadcasting System aired portions of another amateur video on February 8, 1995. This one, relating to the navy, was shot on board HMCS Yukon during a "Crossing the Line" ceremony as the vessel crossed the equator in 1991. While the ceremony itself is international and traditional, some aspects of it as conducted aboard HMCS Yukon appeared to be considerably more crude than might be expected in, say, a luxury cruise ship.


For the first time in three years civilian passengers were able to make the bus trip from Sarajevo to Visoko in Bosnia last Friday. The bus, containing five civilian passengers, was escorted part of the way by a convoy of French U.N. vehicles and for the final part of the trip by members of the Royal Canadian Dragoons. During the trip the convoy was stopped at a number of check points, some operated by Bosnian Serb forces , others by Bosnian government (Muslim) troops, but in each case allowed to proceed. The route is the second to be opened in the Sarajevo area in recent weeks.


Over the next few weeks 95 Force Logistics Support Group, the Canadian unit in the United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR) will be busy accepting, inspecting and issuing 100 vehicles which are being dispatched to Rwanda from Mozambique and Somalia. The vehicles are no longer needed in those countries following the disbandment of United Nations Operation in Mozambique (UNOMOZ) and United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM II).


It's one of those bizarre stories that few editors could resist. A Toronto, Ontario-bound KLM Boeing 747 was forced to dump fuel and make an unplanned landing in Glasgow, Scotland on Monday to allow the crew to hand over a forcibly restrained Canadian passenger to Glasgow authorities. The 47-year old Canadian passenger had to be restrained after causing a considerable disturbance, sources say. The misbehaved traveller was to have appeared before a judge yesterday. The KLM flight, which had originated in Amsterdam, continued to Toronto after a three-hour delay in Scotland.


The Bombardier Business Aircraft Division has sold a new Canadair Challenger 601-3R aircraft to the Republic of Korea (South Korea). The aircraft is scheduled to leave Canadair in July and following interior completion will enter service in early 1996 with Korea's Ministry of Transport. The aircraft will be based at Kimpo International Airport near Seoul.

"We are very pleased to announce our decision following an extensive evaluation of all aircraft


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February 15, 1995

best suited to this role," remarked Yu Won Jun, director, Flight Inspection Division, Ministry of Transport. "From a technical perspective, the Canadair Challenger 601-3R is fully compliant with every one of our flight inspection requirements.

"Another key factor in our decision is Challenger's eight-foot, two-inch wide body cabin which will provide our crews with the room and flexibility to increase their in-flight productivity," added Yu Won Jun.

The Korean Ministry of Transport will become the second Canadair Challenger operator in the country; the SsangYong Group, a multi-national business and industrial corporation, has been operating a Challenger 601-3A as an executive transport since June 1991.

With this acquisition, the Republic of Korea becomes the third government agency to select the Canadair Challenger for a flight inspection role, following the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration and Canada's Ministry of Transport.

The aircraft will be outfitted with the Litton Automatic Flight Inspection System in order to calibrate air navigation aids at Korean airports and within Korean air space. Korea's Department of Civil Aviation accepts both Transport Canada type approval and U.S. Federal Aviation Administration certification for the Canadair Challenger 601-3R, and the aircraft will operate under the Korean civil registry.

The South Korean sale is the 37th Challenger for the Asia-Pacific region, joining aircraft in Australia, Guam, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the People's Republic of China, Singapore and Thailand.

Servicing and maintenance for Asian operators is provided by JAMCO Corp. in Sendai, Japan, one of 10 independently managed Recognized Service Facilities worldwide in addition to four Challenger/Learjet service centres in Hartford, Connecticut; Wichita, Kansas; Tucson, Arizona; and Munich, Germany.

Since November 1993, an independent spare parts depot in Singapore has also been providing warehousing and distribution services and other third party logistics for Challenger operators throughout the Asia-Pacific region.

Certified to FAR Part 25, the Canadair Challenger business jet is authorized for civil operation in 26 countries including Australia, Indonesia, Japan, the Republic of Korea and Thailand. Military certification has been awarded by four countries including the People's Republic of China and Malaysia.

Acknowledged primarily as an executive transport, the Canadair Challenger is proving increasingly popular in other roles as well. In 1993, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration selected the 601-3R for its long range flight inspection mission while two flight inspection Challenger aircraft have been operated by Canada's Ministry of Transport since 1984.

Canadair is also working closely with Lockheed Canada Inc. to prepare three Challenger aircraft to accommodate electronic systems equipment for the Department of National Defence.

A spacious cabin and cockpit, stand-up headroom, abundant electrical power and modern environmental control systems make the Canadair Challenger well suited for a variety of sophisticated missions.

The aircraft is certified to fly at altitudes up to 41,000 feet and its total cabin volume of 1,150 cubic feet will permit a variety of interior configurations for special mission applications. There is adequate ground clearance for external stores and ample growth potential for both environmental control system and electrical power capacities, and it is also feasible to outfit the aircraft with belly-mounted radar and hardpoints under the wings.

Featuring a maximum takeoff weight of 45,100 pounds and a roomy stand-up environment throughout its cabin, the Canadair Challenger features a maximum payload of 5,240 pounds. It has a non-stop range of 3,585 nautical miles, a maximum cruise speed of Mach 0.83 and a maximum ceiling of 41,000 feet.

A total of 321 Challengers have been delivered to date including 84 Challenger 600s, 66 Challenger 601-1As, 134 Challenger 601-3As and 37 Challenger 601-3Rs. Programme production continues at approximately two aircraft per month and the fleet has flown some 865,435 hours as of December 31, 1994.


The U.S. Air Force is expected to issue a Request For Proposal (RFP) next month for the Non-Developmental Airlift Alternative (NDAA) programme. The Pentagon's decision on airlift requirements will be made in late 1995.

NDAA is to be a wide body commercial or military aircraft to augment the U.S.A.F. C-141 fleet and provide an alternative if less than 120 McDonnell Douglas C-17s are procured. Aircraft under consideration include commercial wide body aircraft such as the Boeing 747-400 Freighter.

While one mission of the C-17 is to deliver outsized equipment such as tanks and batteries of Patriot missiles to the battlefield, an NDAA would carry bulk and oversized equipment such as jeeps, large trucks, medical supplies and other materials needed to support U.S. troops overseas.

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February 15, 1995


By using an NDAA to complement the C-17, the C-17 would become more frequently available to perform the highly specialized missions it was designed for, and the lower cost NDAA would carry out the more routine job of hauling cargo and freight needed to deploy and support troops on the ground.

There is a strong economic argument supporting the NDAA. Combining the military-unique C-17 with a commercial airlifter to meet defence airlift needs could conceivably provide billions of dollars in savings to the operator. The NDAA would be a proven cargo aircraft that is hundreds of millions of dollars cheaper per plane than the C-17, already in production, and operating with lower fuel and maintenance costs.

As the anticipated time for an RFP approaches, Boeing Defence & Space Group, last week, chose Pratt & Whitney to provide engines and some 10 years of contractor logistics support for Boeing's bid on the NDAA programme.

"The engine decision was made following an open, rigorous competitive bid process that included evaluating each bidder's technical and business approach to the effort," said Richard Hardy, vice president and general manager, Boeing Defence & Space Group, Military Airplanes Division. "The result of the evaluation process," he added, "showed Pratt & Whitney to be the best value engine contractor for the U.S. Air Force if they buy the 747-400F for the NDAA role."

"This is great news for Pratt & Whitney," said Karl J. Krapek, company president. "The PW4000 engine has proved itself in millions of hours of airline service at more than 60 airlines all over the world. Selection for the NDAA programme is further testimony to the engine's outstanding performance."

The PW4000 model selected for the NDAA programme is the PW4056, rated at 56,000 pounds of takeoff thrust. It already powers 747-400s for 10 airlines around the world. Similar models power the Boeing 767, the Airbus A300/A310 and the McDonnell Douglas MD-11. The PW4000 family of engines has flown for some 12 million hours since entering service in 1987. More than 2,600 have been ordered or optioned with more than 1,200 already in service.

"The NDAA programme is evaluating commercial airlift solutions to augment the recognized military airlift shortfall," Hardy said. "The 747-400F is able to carry out the more routine, regular job of hauling the cargo and freight needed to deploy and support U.S. armed services worldwide," Hardy said, "which complements the U.S. Air Force C-17 cargo aircraft.


United Airlines announced Monday it will launch the world's first Boeing 777 in scheduled revenue service on Wednesday, June 7 with an historic inaugural trip operating as Flight 921 between London's Heathrow Airport and Washington, DC's Dulles International Airport.

With an initial fleet of three Boeing 777 aircraft launching service the same day, other inaugural flights will include service to or from Chicago, Denver and Frankfurt. United said special attention will be focused on the historic first trip which will depart from London at 11:40 a.m. and arrive at Washington, DC at 2:55 p.m. local time.

Passengers aboard the Boeing 777 will enjoy up to six channels of video including feature films and short subjects in multiple languages and 19 channels of CD-quality audio. (Coming in phases later will be video games and other advanced applications of interactive services for call-up by the passenger in his or her seat.) The new aircraft will also be equipped with a fully integrated digital telephone system providing global telecommunications capability for voice, fax and data.

United was the launch customer for the Boeing 777, placing an order in October 1990 for 34 aircraft and 34 options. United will receive 11 Boeing 777s in 1995 and five more in 1996. First delivery is scheduled for May 15, 1995 in Seattle.


Chrysalis Information Technology Security Inc. of Nepean, Ontario has been awarded a contract through the Unsolicited Proposals Brokerage Service for Information Technology (UPBS for IT) of Public Works Government Services Canada (PWGSC) to develop the Government Electronic Services Card (GESC). The aim of the UPBS for IT programme is to tap the expertise of Canada's information technology industry in contributing to improved government operations. The GESC contract calls for Chrysalis to design and develop embedded cryptographic products for privacy and authentication applications in both PCMCIA and SmartCard formats. The GESC products will be fully compatible with Northern Telecom's Entrust architecture, a cornerstone in the Canadian Government's plan to develop a public key infrastructure.

The UPBS for IT acts as a central location for the receipt of unsolicited proposals for the innovative application of information technology to government operations and then brokers projects through the


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February 15, 1995

federal government. In this case funding was provided by Communications Security Establishment (CSE), Department of National Defence (DND) and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), as well as Chrysalis. The project is expected to take 12 months to complete with pilot trials beginning in the fall of 1995. Chrysalis then intends to commercialize the GESC products after the trials are complete.

"Privacy and authentication tools are the engine for growth of electronic services on the information highway," said Steven Baker, Chrysalis President and CEO. "The optimum approach will be based on easy-to-use, portable products that deliver privacy and authentication in an enterprise-wide security architecture that is scaleable, seamless, integrated and open. That's where Chrysalis is headed."

Entrust is NT Secure Networks' low-cost, automated software solution for enterprise-wide privacy and authentication. Entrust supplies state-of-the-art cryptography, automatic transparent key management, and the necessary tools to embed security into existing and future applications.

GESC products will provide higher trust levels than encryption and digital signature software stored on a user's work station. The GESC will be the first product tested by the Communications Security Establishment (CSE) to FIPS 140-1 Level 2. Key features of the FIPS Level 2 validation are tamper-evident protection, on-card processing of encryption algorithms and storage of private keys. In addition to the assurance of CSE validation, GESC user benefits will include non-repudiation of digital signatures, faster encryption speeds and throughput to users of legacy systems, and ease of use in nomadic and/or teleputing.

"I believe that the GESC will be a fundamental step towards the evolution of the public key infrastructure within the Government of Canada," says Wynn Redden, Manager, Industrial COMSEC Programmes at the Communications Security Establishment. "Successful FIPS 140 validation of the GESC will provide Government of Canada users with an important INFOSEC tool for the implementation of privacy and electronic commerce."

"Benefits of this UPBS-IT contract are not one-sided. Chrysalis has been provided with an opportunity to receive federal funding and was provided with a beta-test site in an environment where security is crucial. This is important to a firm specializing in research and development of information security products," said Baker.


Bombardier Regional Aircraft Division has announced that COMAIR, the Cincinnati-based Delta Connection airline, has converted five options to firm orders for Canadair Regional Jet aircraft. At the same time, COMAIR secured 35 options on the Canadair Regional Jet. Previously, the airline had 30 firm orders for the Canadair Jet aircraft including 20 delivered aircraft and 10 backlogged orders.

Value of COMAIR's five firm orders is $121.8 million. Future deliveries of the Canadair Jet to COMAIR are 10 aircraft in 1995; 15 aircraft in 1996; and 25 aircraft in 1997/1998.

COMAIR, the North American launch customer for the Canadair Regional Jet, currently operates 137 Canadair Jet flights daily to 33 destinations. Through its Delta association, COMAIR's Canadair Jet passengers can access hundreds of additional destinations on the Delta route network.

In addition to the United States, the Canadair Regional Jet is operating with airlines in Canada, France, Germany and Austria as well as operating in a corporate shuttle role for the Xerox Corporation of Stamford, Connecticut in the U.S.


The Spar Aerospace Limited Canadarm has successfully completed its first tasks of 1995 aboard U.S. space shuttle Discovery launched February 3 from NASA's Kennedy Space Centre and scheduled to return to earth February 11.

The Canadarm effectively deployed the satellite payload known as the Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy, or SPARTAN. The payload performed various operations and flew free of the shuttle to observe scattered sources of far ultra-violet radiation. During SPARTAN's flight, all data was recorded on-board the satellite for later retrieval on the ground. In addition to retrieving the SPARTAN payload after the experiments, Canadarm was used to assist shuttle astronauts to evaluate a series of new spacewalk procedures and tools.

Canadarm is scheduled to participate in three additional NASA missions in 1995. On July 20, the 26th Anniversary of the Apollo landing, Canadarm will be involved in mission STS-69 where it will be used to deploy the Wake Shield Facility. The saucer-shaped Wake Shield Facility was first flown in February 1994 and is designed to push the thin atmosphere of space out of its way, as it flies free of the shuttle, leaving behind

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a near perfect vacuum in which to conduct experiments. Canadarm will also deploy and retrieve another free-flying payload equipped with experiments aimed at improving the design of future spacecraft.

In October, Canadarm will participate in the docking of the shuttle with the Russian MIR space station. Canadarm will be used to help assemble the Orbiter Docking System which will connect the two spacecraft.

During its fourth and final mission of 1995, scheduled for November, Canadarm will retrieve the Japanese Space Flyer Unit, a payload designed to be launched on an expendable rocket then later retrieved by an arm. The SPARTAN payload will also make a repeat appearance during this mission.

"Space projects such as Canadarm exemplify Canada's continued contribution in putting space to work," said Sam Higson, Deputy Programme Manager, Shuttle Remote Manipulator System programme at Spar. "In doing so, we can build on existing expertise with a view to future enterprises, such as the space station."

Since its development over a decade ago, Canadarm has proven most valuable in the capture and re-launching of satellites, and has performed well beyond original design specifications. Canadarm was designed, developed and tested by Spar Aerospace Limited, with major subcontractors CAE Electronics and Spar Space Systems. Spar worked very closely during the development and design stage with the National Research Council of Canada, the predecessor of the Canadian Space Agency. Export sales from follow-on production units of Canadarm, together with supporting engineering and operations support, have exceeded $600 million during the last 14-year period.


February 27 — The next CDPA Luncheon Meeting will be held at the RCAF Officers' Mess located at 158 Gloucester Street, Ottawa, commencing at 12:00 noon. Members will be briefed by Lieutenant-Colonel Moe Krause about the "Military Automated Air Traffic System (MAATS)". The $15 fee is payable at the door or in advance at the CDPA office: 500 - 100 Gloucester Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K2P 0A4. Contact Anne Healey at (613) 235-5337 to make reservations in advance.

May 30-31 — The COPWIN '95 seminar will be held at the National Arts Centre in Ottawa. The objective of COPWIN '95 is to promote earlier industrial involvement in the capital acquisition process. The Department of National Defence's long-term equipment acquisition and R&D plans will be discussed, including all new projects over $500,000.

August 9-13 — Airshow Canada's 1995 international aviation & aerospace tradeshow will be held at Abbotsford in British Columbia. The event incorporates the 1995 CBAA (Canadian Business Aircraft Association) trade show and aircraft display. For further information contact Airshow Canada at P.O. Box 6, Abbotsford, BC, Canada, V2S 4N9. Telephone: 604-852-4600. Telefax: 604-852-3704.

April 17-18, 1996 — AFCEA has announced Technet Canada '96, presented by AFCEA Canada (Armed Forces Communication and Electronics Association), to be held at the Ottawa Congress Centre. The event will provide opportunities for exhibitors from within the information community to showcase their products and services in the fields of communications, electronics and intelligence. To book show space, call AFCEA's `show office' at 613-594-8788 or fax 613-236-4351.


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February 15, 1995