vignettes of the hapless Shidane Arone? The whole country has been in the dumper over this for long enough.

"The people" (or "Regina" if you prefer) dealt with the perpetrators and they are in the brig or wherever — punished. That's enough.

The inquiry's report, we predict, will cast aspersions on a bygone Canadian Forces leadership structure without noting that it was operating under duress during the tumultuous post-Cold War period when the CF endured in a policy vacuum and waited for the inevitable axe to fall. Yes. It was a notably jerky time. Things have since changed substantially. The axe fell and as each page of the calendar rolls by, the CF becomes more of a different thing. Far different from what it was during the period under review.

Assign fault is what the panel will do whether its members intend it or not — the media will drive the ship. Any constructive critique will be lost on an animal at the end its metamorphosis as the CF becomes the prescribed 60,000-man force with a substantially reduced hierarchy. Will the panel's findings bring constructive advice to this fast-moving process of change? Will analysis of events in 1993 have any bearing on events of the latter 1990s? Considering the current rate of change — not likely.

Perhaps the panel will address a question that has been choking politicians for years: are we peacekeepers, peacemakers, or both? If the distinction can be properly set out, leading to relevant dialogue and practical policy as a consequence, then the inquiry could be a worthwhile process. Otherwise, our federal government is beating a dead horse.

Micheal J. O'Brien


Last Thursday, a General Court Martial at CFB Petawawa found Captain Michael Sox guilty of "Negligent Performance of His Duties" in connection with the beating death of a Somali national in March, 1993. He was sentenced to a severe reprimand and reduction

Canada's Aerospace & Defence Weekly

Volume 9, Number 11 March 22, 1995


Is it a witch hunt? Is it really a necessary thing after a series of criminal convictions and the killing of a Regiment? And will the inquiry into `Somalia' be stymied by stoned-faced uniformed and civilian brass witnesses? These are questions circulating within the defence community as a new inquiry gets under way for reasons which are truly hard to accept.

Traditionally our federal government, no matter what its political stripe at the time, has stacked and used its "inquiry" panels to advance Ottawa's spin on events.

In this instance the government must obviously seek to justify its knee-jerk decision to disband the Airborne Regiment. But it just isn't necessary. Like it or not, we know why the Airborne was canned. The Chrétien government is betting Canadians are not yet sick of hearing about it.

It's done and that won't change. Certainly there is plenty of evidence favouring the disbandment of the Airborne and those points will surely come to light. So there is a "plus" for the governing politicians. It's their inquiry.

This is just plain brutal. How many times in the future will we have to go `channel surfing' to avoid yet another television news burst of the same old bloody

Publisher and Editor In Chief: Micheal J. O'Brien

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Frederick J. Harris

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Patrick McManus (Halifax)

William Kane (Washington DC)

John Reed (London, England)

Moshe Karem (Jerusalem, Israel)

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in rank to Lieutenant. Sox, who is the last member of the Canadian Airborne Regiment to face charges in the incident, was found "not guilty" of the more serious charge of "Unlawfully Causing Bodily Harm". At the time of the incident he was Private Kyle Browns' and Master Corporal Clayton Matchee's platoon commander. Matchee, who according to evidence at several courts martial was largely responsible for the Somali's death, has been declared unfit to stand trial as a result of brain damage suffered during an unsuccessful attempt at suicide following the murder. Brown is now serving a five-year prison term.


General Phillipe Morillon of the French Army is to receive the Military Service Cross from Governor General Romeo LeBlanc in a ceremony today at Government House, Ottawa. General Morillon was the U.N. commander in former Yugoslavia over the period September 1992 to July 1993 when the situation was desperate. Most areas were under continuous artillery and mortar bombardment and small-arms fire. At General Morillon's instigation, the U.N. set up a number of safe areas at Srebrenica, Gorazde, Bihac, Zepa, Tuzla and Sarajevo, an initiative that saved the lives of thousands of Bosnians. With the support of Canadian Forces members, he personally intervened between the rival factions at Srebrenica. In these actions he distinguished himself by showing outstanding leadership and exceptional devotion to duty. He also provided invaluable assistance to members of the Canadian contingent.


Dataware Technologies has shipped the first CD-ROM publication of the MX manuals to the Directorate Land Engineering Support (DLES) for use by DND personnel worldwide. The two-disc MX CD-ROM set represents the first in a series of electronic publishing projects aimed at increasing the accessibility and decreasing the cost associated with distributing technical documentation used by maintenance personnel in Defence units. Search and retrieval of the image, numeric and text information is provided by Dataware's robust MegaText text retrieval software, which is licensed to over 10,000 users in DND. In a formal presentation to kick off the project, Brigadier-General Victor Pergat, DGLEM accepted the MX CD-ROM publication from Kurt Mueller, Chairman and C.E.O. of Dataware Technologies.

"We expect that this CD-ROM will have a dramatic impact on the efficiency of maintaining complex equipment in the field," said Major Graham Ellis.

The two-disc MX CD-ROM set contains legacy data from the four-hundred-and-fifty (450) Land Illustrated Parts and Scales manuals. These manuals are a collection of graphical diagrams with pointers to the structured Equipment Support List (ESL) data and descriptive text information. In addition to the added value of search and retrieval software to access the information, the MX CD-ROM set contains the most up-to-date version of the MX manuals.

"This CD-ROM is an excellent example of increasing the value of legacy data by making it accessible to the users in the field," said Charlie Rabie, president of Ottawa-based Dataware Technologies.

The 500 users of the MX CD-ROM set are provided with two primary means to quickly find relevant text, numeric and image information. Users can refer to the appropriate manual's National Defence Identification Document (NDID) number listed in the electronic Table of Contents (ToC). With a simple click of a mouse button, the user then chooses which information from the manual to view — either front matter text, images or ESL data. Users can also perform extensive full text searching on the ESL data and even further refine the query by searching for a specific Provisional Parts Breakdown (PPB) Number.


Search and rescue units from three nations have gathered at CFB Cold Lake, Alberta this week to take part in ARCTIC SAREX 95 during which they will exercise their capability to deal with the downing of a civilian airliner in the high north. A simulated crash site has been established at CFB Wainwright complete with about 100 casualty-simulation "victims" from 1 Canadian mechanized Brigade Group, most of whom are made-up with cosmetics and latex to simulate an assortment of injuries.

The rescue teams, including Canadian Forces Search and Rescue Technicians, U.S. Para Jumpers and Russian para-rescue members are parachuting in darkness into the site to rescue the victims. A variety of


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aircraft from all three nations are taking part including a Russian IL 76 nicknamed OP Scalpel which is configured as a flying hospital. Other aircraft taking part include Canadian CC-130 Hercules and CH-113 Iroquois helicopters and U.S. UH 60 "J" Hawks, Black Hawks, Pave Hawks and a KC-130 (air-to-air refueler) Hercules.

This is the first time Russian troops have exercised on Canadian soil since 1945.


At the request of the Government of Quebec a 17-member artillery and engineer avalanche control detachment complete with howitzer and ammunition was transported from CFB Valcartier to the Blanc-Sablon area of the province on the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence last week (14 March, 1995). Residents of the remote community and nearby Vieux Fort had been evacuated from their homes because of a dangerous buildup of ice and snow. While some charges have been set by hand to move the ice and snow in other areas the gunners were required to shoot high explosive shells in an effort to move it. It is expected that the detachment commanded by Major Claude Archambault will be able to return to Valcartier by the end of the week.


Canadian Marconi's CMA-900 GPS/Flight Management System has been approved for use for IFR navigation on a de Havilland Dash 8 Series 300 aircraft.

The certification was issued by the RLD (the civil aviation authority for The Netherlands) on a Dash 8 belonging to Schreiner Airways of Leiden, The Netherlands. The aircraft is on long-term lease to Sabena, the Belgian world airline.

The Canadian Marconi system comprises a CMA-900 Flight Management System (FMS) with interface to a 12-channel CMA-3012 Global Navigation System Sensor Unit (GNSSU) designed and manufactured by CMC. The FMS will be used by Sabena to fly routes between Brussels and Dusseldorf, Hanover, Newcastle, and London City, as well as between Antwerp and London Heathrow. Each route is flown three or four times a day with a reduced schedule on weekends.


The Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association will host a two-day seminar in Ottawa on May 9 to explore the effects of multi-media on the information highway. Intended as a Canadian perspective, the seminar's panellists will outline the Canadian government's information highway initiatives (CANARIE, GENet and NCSI) from both a management and technical perspective as well as the migration of existing networks to broadband systems; emerging requirements and technologies; and future applications for multi-media.

Keynote speakers include George Harvey, Vice-Chairman of Unitel and a member of the federal commission on the information highway, as well as Lawrence Surtees, columnist for the Globe & Mail and analyst on telecommunication trends. Panel groups of both senior government officials and industry technical experts will help illustrate their plans for managing the shift to the world of electronic commerce.

Invitations to the seminar are being extended to industry and government personnel. Some 200 attendees are expected. The seminar is to be conducted at the Sheraton Hotel and Towers at 150 Albert Street in Ottawa.


The Russian Aviation Register has awarded cold-weather certification for the Boeing 757. This expands the aircraft's takeoff and landing envelope down to minus 54 degrees Celsius in Russia.

The certification comes following cold weather tests carried out by a Boeing team in Yakutsk, Siberia earlier this year. During the tests a 757 was flown to Yakutsk and cold soaked for 12 hours in temperatures down to minus 54 degrees Celsius. The 757 was then brought up to normal operating temperature by following a specific routine of cold weather start-up procedures. A number of ground and flight tests were also conducted.

In the U.S. and other countries, when all the certified parts come together to form an airplane, the sum of the certified parts is deemed suitable for the same extreme temperatures. "The Russian agency has the philosophy that even if all the parts are certified for cold weather operations, the airplane as a whole must be

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shown to operate satisfactorily at extreme temperatures," said Mike Adams, 757 deputy chief engineer.

Currently, several airlines, including Transaero and Baikal Airlines, are successfully operating 757s in Russia. However, they had previously been limited to takeoffs and landings in temperatures above minus 30 degrees Celsius.


A new long-range, high resolution reconnaissance and surveillance system that can be used for anything from drug interdiction to environmental monitoring was introduced at the IDEX'95 defence exposition in Abu Dhabi on Monday by the Hughes Aircraft Company.

"Our new HISAR (Hughes Integrated Synthetic Aperture Radar) is a commercial derivative of technology Hughes pioneered for the latest generation military aircraft such as the F-15 and F/A-18 fighters, the B-2 stealth bomber and the U-2R tactical reconnaissance aircraft," said Hughes Vice President David Lynch Jr.

"Technology advances in the last decade have enabled us to design a radar that has many of the excellent performance characteristics of these military systems but which is much lighter and much less expensive," added Lynch, the deputy executive for Hughes' Radar and Communications Systems.

HISAR will provide operationally effective images of near photographic quality, day or night and in all weather conditions, with a resolution of less than 1.8 meters (six feet), he said. The system combines proven capabilities from Hughes' military systems with reliable, off-the-shelf hardware to minimize the life cycle costs of the system and to enable it to fit on an executive-class aircraft.

"This is a real system," Lynch said. "It is in flight test now, and we will begin providing demonstration flights for customers in the next month or so."

Radar modes incorporated in the system include wide area search with moving target indication, strip map with MTI overlay, spot, sea surveillance and air-to-air detection.

The system is designed to include the capability for processing and displaying imagery in real time on board the aircraft, so the HISAR(TM) operator can "pick out a small car on a back road from 100 km (60 miles)" and track it without the driver even knowing he is under surveillance. The imagery also can be recorded for analysis later.

"Potential applications are almost unlimited," Lynch said. "HISAR(TM) could be used by a ministry of fisheries, or customs, or forestry, to monitor the sea lanes, to detect illegal fish harvesting, to detect smugglers, to track oil spills or to protect the nation's forestry resources against illegal harvesting.

"On the military side, a nation could use the system to keep track of its neighbour's military and detect a build-up that might presage an invasion."

Hughes has received licenses to offer the system to more than 60 countries in every part of the world from Europe and the Middle East to Latin America and the Asia Pacific region.


One of the first items of exotic space news this year comes from the post-merger aerospace firm formed by Lockheed and Martin Marietta.

Lockheed Corporation concluded its merger with Martin Marietta Corp. last week. Well-known Norman Augustine, former Martin CEO is now president of Lockheed Martin.

The news comes from the Astronautics business which is one of three operating units of Lockheed Martin's Space and Strategic Missiles Sector headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, former Martin headquarters. Astronautics designs, develops, tests and manufactures advanced technology systems for space and defence. Its main products include space systems, space launch systems and ground systems.

Lockheed Martin Astronautics has been awarded a contract with an estimated value of $92.2 million (USD) to build two spacecraft. One will land on Mars and the other will eventually orbit the red planet as part of the Mars Surveyor Programme of the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

"We are enormously gratified by being selected to help NASA and JPL conduct a more detailed investigation of Mars," said Dr. Noel Hinners, Astronautics' vice president of flight systems. "The Mars Surveyor Programme is designed to explore Mars more efficiently, at considerably lower cost and in less time than


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previous planetary missions. We are committed to help NASA and JPL achieve those goals."

The two spacecraft will be launched separately by a new class of rockets NASA is developing called "Med-Lite." The Mars Surveyor orbiter will be launched in December 1998 and will arrive at Mars in September 1999. After firing a small rocket to enter an elliptical orbit, the spacecraft will use a technique called aerobraking to make its orbit circular around the Martian poles, approximately 217 miles above the planet's surface.

Aerobraking uses atmospheric friction to slow the spacecraft and lower its orbit. The Magellan spacecraft Astronautics built for NASA radar-mapped the surface of Venus and was the first planetary spacecraft to perform aerobraking. From its polar orbit, the Mars Surveyor orbiter will relay signals from the lander to Earth, use a wide-angle camera to photograph Mars and carry one of two instruments NASA will select in coming months either to study composition of the planet's surface or to study the Martian atmosphere.

The Mars Surveyor lander will be launched in January 1999. When it reaches Mars eight months later the spacecraft will enter the atmosphere protected by an encapsulating aeroshell, deploy a parachute to slow its descent further, shed the shell and then settle gently onto the planet's surface using small rocket thrusters. NASA will select the scientific payload for the lander this summer. It is anticipated that the lander experiments will photograph the Martian surface, study the atmosphere and minerals in the soil to learn about the history of Mars' climate and initiate a search for water in the Martian soil.

Astronautics in its prior corporate forms has participated in NASA's solar system exploration missions to study the sun and every planet in the solar system except Pluto, the only planet to which NASA has not yet sent a spacecraft. The company currently is building the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft, scheduled to be launched in 1996 on a mission to Mars.


Raytheon Electronic Systems Division has been awarded a competitive contract by the U.S. Air Force (Aeronautical Systems Centre Air-to-Air Joint Programme) to build 604 Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missiles (AMRAAM) valued at $165.7 million (USD). Raytheon's portion of the overall procurement amounts to 57 percent of the 1060 missiles to be acquired in 1995.

Hughes Missile Systems Company was awarded a contract to produce 455 missiles which represents 43 percent of the overall procurement.

AMRAAM is the primary medium range air-to-air weapon for use on U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy fighter aircraft. The missile incorporates an advanced active fire and forget guidance system for use against multiple targets.


Unisys GSG Canada has won a $25.4 million contract to provide a Spotlight Synthetic Aperture Radar (SSAR) to the Canadian Forces, says company president Paul Manson.

The contract is a major step in a series of aircraft life extension programmes to be carried out on the Canadian Forces fleet of CP-140 Aurora maritime patrol aircraft. Unisys will design, build, integrate, install and test an Advanced Development Model (ADM) of the Spotlight SAR Upgrade to the existing AN/APS-506 Radar. The Spotlight SAR will provide real-time air and ground data to Aurora aircrew on patrol missions.

"This contract underscores our position as a leading supplier of complex airborne mission systems in Canada," said Manson. "It is a clear indication that Unisys has the technology strength and trained people for future programmes," he added.

The SSAR programme will improve the performance of surface surveillance systems on the CP-140 to enhance its multiple roles in Canadian economic zone enforcement, fisheries patrols, smuggling and drug interdiction and pollution control missions as well as peacekeeping surveillance. The capabilities developed on this programme will give Canadian industry a leading position world-wide in this growing surveillance market area. As prime contractor Unisys is teamed with Array Systems Computing Inc. of Downsview, Ontario and other companies across Canada.

Unisys GSG Canada is based in Montreal with operations in Ottawa, Winnipeg and Halifax. Its primary capabilities encompass the design, integration and management of complex computer-based systems, the design, manufacture and supply of military-standard computers and products and the provision of life cycle support for major electronic systems.

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Unisys GSG Canada is an operating unit of the Government Systems Group of Unisys Corporation. Based in McLean, Virginia, the Government Systems Group provides services, products and solutions to defence agencies and other federal government agencies in the United States, Canada and nations world-wide, and selected U.S. public sector organizations.

Unisys Corporation is currently on the sale block. See further details in an upcoming issue.


CAE Electronics Ltd. has been selected by Cityline Simulator and Training GmbH Berlin (CST) to supply a full flight simulator for the Canadair Regional Jet (RJ). In addition, CAE will provide two MAXVUE visual systems, one for its current order and the other as a retrofit on a CAE RJ simulator sold to CST in March 1991.

CST is a joint venture company between Lufthansa Cityline, Canadair and CAE. It currently manages the European Flight Training School for the Canadair RJ aircraft using a CAE-manufactured RJ full flight simulator. The full flight simulator will be delivered to the Berlin Schonefeld Airport in the summer of 1996 and the visual retrofit will be completed later in 1996.


As reported previously in The Wednesday Report Lieutenant-General P.J."Paddy" O'Donnell, Vice Chief of the Defence Staff will retire this summer after 36 years service. He served in a number of appointments including Commander Northern Region, Commander Maritime Air Group, Deputy Commander Air Command and as Assistant Deputy Minister (Personnel) and VCDS at National Defence Headquarters.

His replacement as VCDS will be Vice Admiral Larry Murray, the present commander of Maritime Command. Admiral Murray will be replaced at Maritime Command by Vice Admiral Lynne Mason who is now serving as Deputy Chief of Defence Staff at NDHQ.

At the same time Lieutenant-General Paul Addy, the present Assistant Deputy Minister (Personnel) will move to Brussels to be the Canadian Military Representative to NATO . He will be replaced at NDHQ by Major-General Jean Boyle who will be promoted to Lieutenant General.


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