officers, and teed-off Moscow to the point of apoplexy. In Ottawa, the latest preoccupation is Presto Manning's expense account.

CF In Plan For 50,000

NATO Force In Bosnia

In Brussels, NATO has sketched out a rough plan for ground action in Bosnia in the event some form of peace is reached.

The plan can easily be construed as the first major indicator of acknowledgement the United Nations is not up to the task of enforcing a peace in Bosnia and must soon withdraw its command.

Once a peace is secured among the fighting factions, NATO's job might include stiff enforcement of the cease fire; quickly disarming irregular forces; liberating oppressed civilian communities; locating and seizing heavy weaponry; providing for the transport and delivery of humanitarian aid to the ailing population; providing assistance to the factions rebuilding political and social infrastructure; and assisting U.N. war-crimes investigators.

According to the roughed-in NATO plan, the United States would provide half of the manpower and equipment. Other nations participating would be Britain, France, Canada, Belgium and the Netherlands while Russia has promised to join in and Sweden, Finland and some other non-NATO (but U.N.-member) nations might also take part.

A large number of U.N. troops from Canada, Britain and France already stationed in Bosnia may stay on under the NATO flag to enforce the yet-elusive peace accord.

Rapid-react American paratroops from Italy could be called in to secure airports and railroad lines. American soldiers from Germany and U.S. Marines based in the Mediterranean could be quickly mobilized to Bosnia to implement the NATO plan on short notice. C-130s at Rhein-Main air base in Germany would likely be brought in to Bosnia to provide air-droppable and transportable supplies to NATO forces.


Volume 8, Number 11 April 13, 1994


It's been a foul week. Civil war erupted in Rwanda — U.N. peacekeepers, regional government leaders and thousands of innocent bystanders butchered. Bosnian Serbs busted the umpteen-hundredth cease fire, this one at Gorazde. Moscow's in a tiff since it wasn't heard before the 16-member NATO alliance `under U.N. command' (ha ha) twice bombed Serb positions there. Among stories not flogged by the general media yet: intelligence spooks are sweating in their realization Japan is nearing nuclear-readiness as North Korea's burgeoning capability rattles chains everywhere. China is fussing over the U.S. sending Patriot missile batteries to South Korea. Washington tamed its tough lingo Sunday saying diplomacy will continue another six months, but after that, even a preemptive strike is conceivable. (The best bets say North Korea is stalling a preset time, enough to make its bombs.) Meanwhile, in the Ukraine (where, by the way, good-sized nuclear warheads are said to sell for roughly $100 million), "riot police" stormed a Black Sea Fleet base at the port of Odessa, arrested a few senior Russian

Already a large number of NATO-nation warships are patrolling the Adriatic, enforcing U.N. sanctions against the former Yugoslavia. NATO aircraft are also operational nearby as part of the no-fly-zone enforcement NATO has conducted for the U.N.


On April 5, Paramax Systems Canada Inc. announced that the company will henceforth be known as Unisys GSG Canada Inc. A wholly-owned subsidiary of Unisys Corporation, Unisys GSG Canada is a component of the Unisys Government Systems Group based in McLean, Virginia.

"Over the past two years we have become more and more closely integrated with the commercial side of Unisys Corporation to our mutual advantage. As we continue our diversification into the non-defence marketplace, we are applying our defence technology and systems integration skills to the benefit of commercial customers through the provision of total systems solutions," said Paul Manson, president of Unisys GSG Canada.

"By calling ourselves Unisys we reflect the reality of our new business relationship with the commercial arm of the Corporation. This will help us achieve our objective of increasing our exports and bringing in a substantial amount of non-defence business," he added, "while still focusing on our core business, which is the integration of large-scale defence electronics systems."

Unisys GSG Canada employs approximately 800 people in Montreal, Winnipeg, Ottawa, Saint John, Halifax, Victoria and Lauzon, Quebec.


Etobicoke, Ontario-based AlliedSignal Aerospace Canada has launched a fully-operational ice/contaminant detection system into airline revenue service as part of a three-month flight evaluation leading to final production configuration.

Canada's Department of Transport granted a Limited Supplemental Type Approval (LSTA) for AlliedSignal to install the Clean Wing Detection System (CWDS) on a British Aerospace 146-200 purchased by Air Atlantic of St. John's, Newfoundland (see August 11, 1993, page 5, "AlliedSignal To Flight-Test CWDS Next Year On BAe 146").

The CWDS — being developed under a joint development and licence agreement by AlliedSignal and INSTRUMAR Ltd. of St. John's, Newfoundland — has been designed to detect/discriminate contaminants such as ice, frost, snow, de-icing and anti-icing fluids on an aircraft's wings. It can also monitor the effectiveness of de-ice/anti-ice fluids.

"In becoming the first airline to install the CWDS, Air Atlantic has taken a lead role in developing solutions that will benefit airlines around the world," said Bob Gosse, Air Atlantic's Director of Engineering & Maintenance. Air Atlantic is a regional carrier and partner of Canadian Airlines International serving 20 destinations throughout the Atlantic Canada region, Ontario, Quebec and Boston, Massachusetts.

AlliedSignal's CWDS, installed on Air Atlantic's BAe 146 aircraft, will be on display tomorrow in the Canadian Airlines hangar at Halifax International Airport.


Ken Rowe has been appointed Honorary Colonel of 405 Maritime Patrol Squadron at 14 Wing Greenwood, Nova Scotia. Rowe received his appointment scroll from Brigadier-General Brock Horseman, commander of Maritime Air Group, at a ceremonial parade held at Greenwood last Friday.

Rowe serves as chairman, chief executive officer and president of Halifax, Nova Scotia-based IMP Group Ltd. He is a director of the Royal Bank of Canada Ltd., Halifax Developments Ltd., Nova Scotia Power Inc., Innotech Aviation Ltd. and a number of other companies. Rowe is also chairman of the Advisory Board to the School of Business and a member of the Board of Governors of Dalhousie University and of the Monitoring Committee, Economic Strategy for Nova Scotia.

Honorary Colonels are distinguished citizens who provide a link between Canadian Forces units and the community. Their voluntary duties include fostering esprit de corps and various ceremonial functions. They are appointed for a three-year term.


Johannesburg, South Africa-based SA Express took delivery last Friday of the second of 12 de Havilland Dash 8 Series 300B aircraft ordered last year. The airline also holds options on an additional six aircraft from the Bombardier Regional Aircraft Division.

SA Express, a partnership of South African business interests (led by Thebe Investment Group) holding 51 percent of the airline and Ontario interests holding 49 percent, is scheduled to begin service April 24. The airline is also strategically partnered with South African Airlines (SAA).


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April 13, 1994

The SA Express alliance with SAA will provide a cost-effective commuter feed system to complement the mainline services of the major carrier. This will allow the team of SAA and SA Express to expand and improve service to smaller communities. SA Express will also be a full code-sharing participant in SAA's worldwide computer reservation system.

The de Havilland Dash 8 family (37-passenger Series 100, 50-passenger Series 300 and high-performance Series 200) has accumulated 396 orders, of which 369 aircraft have been delivered to more than 60 operators worldwide.

The Bombardier Regional Aircraft Division markets and supports the de Havilland Dash 8 family and the Canadair Regional Jet. The division, Canadair, de Havilland and Learjet comprise Bombardier Aerospace Group - North America. Bombardier Inc. has some 36,500 employees worldwide with annual sales in excess of $4 billion.


Honeywell Inc. has been awarded a $129 million (U.S.) contract by McDonnell Douglas Aerospace of Huntington Beach, California for the International Space Station Alpha command and data handling system. The contract is the largest in the 30-year history of Honeywell's Satellite Systems Operation (SSO). Work on the contract is under way, with the entire project slated to be completed in 1997.

Honeywell will provide the space station's command and control systems that will form the unit's central computer network, the hardware to control critical operations — such as electrical output and life support systems — and the communications equipment to transmit data between payload experiments and ground stations on Earth. The delivery of this equipment will begin in July 1995.

In addition, Honeywell Satellite Systems Operation will develop test equipment — called multiplexer/demultiplexer application test environment or MATEs — that will enable other space station contractors to develop software compatible with Honeywell's command and control hardware, thus ensuring the hardware's reliability and safety before its delivery to NASA. Honeywell will develop eight new MATEs and update two existing Honeywell MATEs originally delivered under Space Station Freedom last year.

"This is a very significant contract that builds on our solid, long-term relationship with McDonnell Douglas," said Jay Lovelace, Honeywell SSO vice president and location manager. "It will also provide a base for additional business, with potential contracts for payload interface and services, and software support."

International Space Station Alpha is a joint project of the Russian, European, Italian, Japanese, Canadian and U.S. space agencies. The space station is scheduled to be completed in 2004. The project will include many of the same components Honeywell produced for NASA's Space Station Freedom.

"In the highly competitive aerospace industry, Honeywell is well-positioned for the command and control systems because of our similar work on Space Station Freedom," said Dick Brown, Honeywell SSO space station programme manager. "For International Space Station Alpha, we are developing more advanced command and control equipment that builds on the standard control system technology completed for the previous space station project."

Boeing, the prime contractor for the space station project; McDonnell Douglas, a tier-one subcontractor for the truss and command and data control equipment; and Honeywell Satellite Systems Operation are jointly working on this programme. Rocketdyne and Boeing-Huntsville, Alabama, are the other two tier-one subcontractors for the space station and have responsibility for the International Space Station Alpha's power system and life support systems, respectively.


Boeing announced last week it will design a new lightweight fighter airplane to meet the dual needs of the U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Air Force under a $32 million research agreement announced today by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). Boeing is teamed with Pratt & Whitney and Rolls-Royce for the project.

The research agreement is for a concept design under ARPA's Advanced Short Take-Off and Vertical Landing (ASTOVL) project that will compete with two contractors chosen earlier. It consists of a basic effort lasting about 12 months with a value of $12 million. A follow-on option valued at about $20 million would continue through early 1996. Under terms of the agreement, Boeing and ARPA will share the costs of the effort equally.

The aim of the basic programme is to complete a single design that provides for both direct lift Short Take-Off and Vertical Landing (STOVL) and Conventional Take-Off and Landing (CTOL) capability around a single airframe.

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April 13, 1994


The work to be done under this agreement includes refining the design of the Boeing direct lift STOVL/CTOL concept, completing propulsion system risk reduction work and component testing, continuing cost studies for prototype manufacturing and assembly, and planning for the next phase which includes building and flight testing a prototype.

The option phase would include building and testing a large-scale Pratt & Whitney YF-119 engine-powered model that would demonstrate both the vertical flight performance for in-ground effect and out-of-ground effect, low speed performance and transitional phases. Testing of the model would be done at NASA Ames. Other tests would be performed at Boeing and Rolls-Royce test facilities; and at the NASA Langley low speed wind tunnel and NASA Lewis powered lift facilities. Boeing's flight control laws will be tested both at Boeing and in the NASA Ames vertical motion simulator.

For the past several years, Boeing has been studying aircraft concepts that would perform the missions now accomplished by a variety of U.S. and foreign fighter and attack aircraft such as the F-16, Harrier and F/A-18C. The studies focused on designing an aircraft that would be affordable to build and operate, yet have significant improvements over existing aircraft in range, payload and survivability. By using a modular design approach, the Boeing concept would permit design variations to be tailored for specific users and still be assembled on a single production line, making the lightweight fighter affordable to buy and maintain over its life. Company analysts suggest a sizable market for a small, affordable fighter over the next 15 to 20 years.


Last Thursday, North Korea alleged that Japan is attempting to become a nuclear power with its Monju fast-breeder reactor on the Japan Sea coast. The official (North) Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) broadcast the following:

"The commissioning of Monju fully reveals Japan's undisguised scheme to become a nuclear power by securing a large quantity of plutonium for itself and manufacturing weapons any moment.

"The military moves of the U.S. imperialists and the South Korean puppets remind us of the situation of the eve of the war in the '50s."


The Times of London reported early this month that Japan has gathered everything it needs to build a nuclear weapon.

In a Sunday edition, Britain's most staid and reputable newspaper carried a report from Far East correspondent Nick Rufford that, "Japan has acquired all the parts necessary". He cites as his source a report by the British Joint Intelligence Committee to the Prime Minister's office.

According to Rufford, one expert who has seen the report said the Japanese now only need to select adequate amounts of plutonium for their weapon. Fears over North Korea's nuclear and missile programme are said to be threatening to force Japan to abandon its non-nuclear stance. Morihiro Hosokawa, Japan's prime minister, recently said that he was "very strongly concerned" by North Korea's growing military strength, which he called "a matter of grave concern".

Japan has a reprocessing plant for producing plutonium, the Times says, and has also contracted with Britain and France to supply plutonium from Japanese spent reactor fuel.

Reprocessing of Japanese nuclear waste in the U.K. will be carried out at a newly opened facility at Sellafield in northwest England.

However, "Japan is developing neither long-range ballistic missiles nor nuclear weapons," the Tokyo government said in response to the Times article.

"It is impossible for us to develop nuclear weapons," Chief Cabinet Secretary Masayoshi Takemura told reporters.

Japan has a national policy of not possessing nuclear weapons, not producing them, and not allowing them on Japanese soil. "Our country has maintained the three non-nuclear principles and our use of nuclear energy is limited to peaceful purposes," Takemura said.

Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa has urged Ukraine President Leonid Kravchuk in a letter to make his country nuclear-free "as soon as possible", the Foreign Ministry said.

However, Foreign Minister Kabun Muto has said Japan must have the will to build nuclear weapons if necessary to defend itself, the Nihon Keizai newspaper has reported.

Muto made the statement to Japanese reporters at a news conference in Singapore after assuring the Association of Southeast Asian Nations that Japan would offer unqualified support for an indefinite extension of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. This support for the NPT followed Japan's initial hesitation, something that alarmed many people around the world.

"If North Korea develops nuclear weapons and that becomes a threat to Japan first, there is the nuclear umbrella of the United States upon which we can rely," Muto said.

"But if it comes to a crunch, possessing the will that `we can do it' is important. At such a time a


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April 13, 1994

decision can be made then," Muto added.

This subtle threat from Muto has much behind it in the way of recent background. Japan feels threatened.


Apart from Japan's long-standing rivalry with North Korea, its worries were heightened earlier this year by evidence its unpredictable Stalinist neighbour had test-fired a nuclear-capable missile that could target many Japanese cities. The two countries have a centuries-old tradition of bitter hatred — and no diplomatic ties. Furthermore, there are growing signs North Korea is having enormous trouble providing food for its millions of people.

"Perhaps the reason North Korea is behaving aggressively with its nuclear weapons programme stems from the fact that it is having a hard time feeding its population," reports Intelligence Digest. "Food supplies have been bad and getting worse over the years, but this year's rice harvest is disastrous. South Korean sources say the harvest is down 31 percent from last year. Reports leaking out of the country through Japan have suggested that there have been food riots over the summer, and there is a new official slogan posted on buildings throughout the country: `Let's eat two meals a day, not three!'"

North Korea may move to quell unrest at home by going to war. Such a political move is as old as warfare itself. Politicians take the focus off of their own domestic troubles by mobilizing their populations against foreign enemies. In recent issues of The Wednesday Report, you have seen examples of statements issued by the KCNA (Korean Central News Agency) for the purpose of pumping up the North Korean population.

The Falklands War during the 1980s was a classic example of this phenomena. Argentina was reeling under terrible economic woes and 3,000 percent inflation. The ruling military junta carefully weighed whether to attack Chile next door or Britain's Falkland Islands off the coast in the South Atlantic Ocean. The Argentine generals decided that Britain would protest in the press and whine before the United Nations, but would not respond militarily, whereas Chile would probably put up a nasty fight.

So, Argentina attacked the Falklands instead of Chile. Argentina's generals were instantly popular. Public morale ran high — until a furious Margaret Thatcher retaliated, sinking most of Argentina's army, blasting the Argentine Air Force out of the sky, and snatching the Falklands back. Then the generals found themselves in big trouble, the butt of international laughter. "Why is Argentina buying up glass-bottomed boats?" went one joke. "So the generals can review their navy." Their government tumbled. Several generals are still in prison.

South Korea might look like easy picking to desperate North Korean leaders. The South Korean capital of Seoul is only 30 miles from the North Korean border. South Korea would be a rich war prize, too. Seoul's strong economy and stable industrial base would prop up the North Koreans — who could emerge as the leaders of a reunited Korea.

Invasion of South Korea, however, would have violent international repercussions. It would challenge the Clinton administration, which has its own domestic troubles. Nonetheless, Clinton may be itching for a fight. He saw his own lagging popularity soar when he attacked Baghdad in supposed retaliation for Iraq's plotting to assassinate former President Bush. Now, does Clinton need something dramatic to reunite the nation after his bruising battle against his own traditional political power bases in the NAFTA fight?

Long-standing treaties commit America to defend democratic South Korea. The U.S. has thousands of troops there. Remember, too, how Clinton grabbed the world's headlines a few months ago when he warned that, "We would overwhelmingly retaliate if North Korea should ever develop and use nuclear weapons. It would mean the end of their country."


"Iran does not seek nuclear arms and will never allow North Korea or any other rogue nation to use Iranian soil for testing weapons," the commander of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps told the English-language Teheran Times newspaper.

"That Iran is trying to acquire nuclear weapons ... is just baseless rumour," Major General Mohsen Rezaei told the newspaper.

Commenting on intelligence reports, he denied that Iran might allow Communist North Korea to test-fire its medium range Rodong-1 missile in Iran. "By now the entire world should know that Iran is very sensitive as far as our soil and military facilities are concerned. We will never allow others to use (them) matter how friendly the `others' are."

Japan has voiced concerns that Iran might allow North Korea to test-fire the missile, which reportedly was designed to hit major cities in South Korea and western Japan in 10 minutes.

Iran bought weapons from North Korea during the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war, including Chinese-made Silkworm shore-to-sea missiles deployed by the Revolutionary Guards along Iran's southern coast.

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April 13, 1994



The McDonnell Douglas/U.S.A.F. C-17 transport successfully completed its first design service lifetime — or 30,000 hours — of durability testing April 6. The durability cycling leading up to this milestone began in November 1992. The one lifetime reached is the halfway point in a contract calling for durability testing to two design service lifetimes, or 60,000 hours.

Durability testing subjected a C-17 airframe to simulated flight loads and conditions expected to be encountered in a lifetime of service with the U.S. Air Force. Included in the 30,000 flight hours were approximately 8,500 flights — reflecting 25 basic design mission profiles — and 19,000 landings.

Flight mission profiles varied from logistics missions to training missions. A significant portion — approximately 11 percent — of total flight time was spent in simulated low-level, high-speed cruise mode at altitudes of 2,000 feet or less and at speeds of 300 knots or above.

The missions also reflect special events such as use of the low-altitude parachute extraction system (LAPES), airdrops, aerial refueling and missed approaches. Also simulated in durability testing were loads due to inflight gusts and maneuvers, landings, and taxi and ground maneuvering.

"The test spectrum has been made as realistic as possible consistent with currently available analysis and test capabilities," said Bob Zimmerman, director of C-17 Structural Design and Ground Test for McDonnell Douglas. "It represents a significant advance in the state-of-the-art of structural durability testing. For example, a new method was specifically developed for the C-17 to allow generation of phased gust load conditions."

Meanwhile the 11th production C-17 was accepted by the U.S.A.F. at Long Beach, California last Friday and was then flown to its operational base, Charleston Air Force Base, S.C., by a U.S.A.F. crew.

P-11, the 11th production C-17, is the 12th C-17 delivered to the Air Force and the sixth to join the 437th Airlift Wing at Charleston, the first operational C-17 unit. It made its inaugural flight on March 25.

Lt. Gen. Malcolm B. Armstrong, commander of the 21st Air Force based at McGuire Air Force Base, N.J. accepted the new C-17 on behalf of the Air Force. Keys to the new Globemaster III were presented to the general by Don Kozlowski, senior vice president, C-17 programme for McDonnell Douglas, in brief ceremonies on the flight ramp. The newest C-17 is the first of four C-17s in the Lot IV procurement buy authorized in the U.S. Fiscal Year 1992 defence budget.


If Canada still wants submarines to replace its leaky old Oberons, it may not have to look overseas for them. Litton's Ingalls Shipbuilding division in Pascagoula, Mississippi has received an export license from the U.S. Department of State that allows Ingalls to continue its cooperative effort with a German shipyard to build diesel-electric submarines in the United States and sell them in the international market.

The licence specifically authorizes Ingalls to team with Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft (HDW) of Kiel, Germany, to develop a technical and price proposal for the construction in Pascagoula of two Type 209 HDW-designed submarines for the government of Egypt.

Ingalls and HDW have already held preliminary discussions with Egyptian authorities who have indicated a desire to purchase two submarines from the Ingalls-HDW team. A potential contract, which is at least a year away, could have a value of several hundred million dollars.

"Declining U.S. defence budgets require U.S. shipyards to actively pursue every available marketing opportunity in order to maintain a viable shipbuilding base in this country," said Gerald J. St. Pe', a Litton senior vice president and president of Ingalls.

"Teaming arrangements, such as this one involving Ingalls and HDW, are a major element of Ingalls' long-term business strategy to expand into the international market. Ingalls is already contracted to build naval vessels for one allied country, and is in the process of finalizing negotiations to modernize naval vessels for another country."

In early 1991, Ingalls entered into a memorandum of understanding with HDW to move this latest effort forward. Under the agreement, HDW would provide hull sections, design and manufacturing expertise for construction of the submarines.

Ingalls would do the assembly, pre-outfitting, combat systems installation and integration of the pressure hull sections furnished by HDW, as well as dockside testing and pre-delivery sea trials.

Although Ingalls' current work is primarily construction of surface combat ships, the Litton shipyard built one diesel-electric and 12 nuclear-powered submarines for the U.S. Navy between 1957 and 1974, and overhauled submarines until 1980.


Cleyn & Tinker Inc. of St-Laurent won a $1,183,794 contract to supply DND with green wool fabric. The contract maintains three jobs and runs until June 1, 1995.

Dominion Textile Inc. of Montreal won an $892,894 contract to supply DND with cloth to be used in the manufacture of tent liners. The contract maintains three jobs until July 15.

Le Groupe CGI Inc. of Quebec City won a $290,808 contract to test a new information, command and control system for DND. The contract, which maintains six jobs, runs until November 30.


The Wednesday Report - Copyright 1994

April 13, 1994

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